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NASA Awards to US Universities Bolster New Technology Research

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NASA Awards to US Universities Bolster New Technology Research

A new round of Early Stage Innovation awards will support U.S. universities in developing technology for future space exploration, including technology that could be used for nuclear propulsion.

NASA Awards to US Universities Bolster New Technology Research

Credits: NASA

A new round of awards to researchers at U.S. universities will support technology development for the future of space exploration. The selected projects will advance technologies in areas including nuclear propulsion, space communications, atmospheric entry, advanced materials, and high-temperature radiators.

Each project will be awarded up to $650,000 in grants from NASA’s Space Technology Research Grants program over up to three years to develop the early-stage technologies towards future use.

The 10 projects were selected under NASA’s Early Stage Innovation 2022 solicitation, spanning five topic areas.

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Development of Fusion Plasma Direct Energy Conversion Processes for Thrust and Electric Power Production

  • Kunning Xu
    University of Alabama, Huntsville
    This project will study a power-generating magnetic nozzle that could be used for pulsed fusion propulsion, a type of nuclear propulsion that could enable fast transit to destinations including Mars and the outer solar system.
     
  • Raymond Sedwick
    University of Maryland, College Park
    Sedwick will develop technologies supporting centrifugally confined plasmas, a method that could be used to create smaller, lighter nuclear fusion power systems.

Development of Deterministic High Bandwidth Onboard Wireless Networks

  • Ryan Adams
    University of North Dakota in Grand Forks
    This project will build tools to manage data and traffic for space-based wireless communications systems, expanding their capability for real-time and safety-critical applications.

Improved Methods for Characterization of Blunt-Body Dynamic Stability

  • Omar Sen
    Oklahoma State University in Stillwater
    Sen will develop computer models using machine learning to study the dynamics of blunt bodies – such as spacecraft – entering a planet’s atmosphere.
     
  • Dimitri Mavris
    Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta
    This research will use recent progress in machine learning and reduced order modeling methods to create more accurate simulations of blunt body atmospheric entry.

Advancing Manufacturing Approaches for Scalable Functionally Graded Materials for Space Applications

  • Wei Xiong
    University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania
    Xiong will develop an alloy that could be used to join the layers of 3D-printed rocket engine combustion chambers, reducing cracks.
     
  • Kevin Hemker
    Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland
    This project will study additive manufacturing techniques to improve the quality of rocket components 3D-printed from copper and nickel alloys.
     
  • Jerard Gordon
    University of Michigan in Ann Arbor
    This research will use computer models to study a proposed material for additive manufacturing that could be used for spaceflight propulsion systems.

Development of Materials and Manufacturing Processes for High-Temperature Radiators

  • Ying Sun
    University of Cincinnati in Ohio
    Sun will develop and demonstrate a high-temperature, lightweight spacecraft radiator 3D-printed from titanium.
     
  • Sadaf Sobhani
    Cornell University in Ithaca, New York
    This project will develop an additively manufactured ceramic cooling system for spacecraft that can tolerate high temperatures and resist corrosion.

Read more about all 10 projects.

The Space Technology Research Grants program is funded by NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate, which supports and develops transformative space technologies to enable future missions. As NASA embarks on its next era of exploration with the Artemis program, STMD is helping advance technologies, developing new systems, and testing capabilities at the Moon that will be critical for crewed missions to Mars.

For more information about NASA’s Space Technology Research Grants program, visit:

https://www.nasa.gov/strg

Last Updated: Dec 1, 2022

Editor: Loura Hall

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Why Hausa is Considered a relatively easy language to learn

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Greetings in Hausa

language, which means that the meaning of a word can change depending on the pitch or tone used when pronouncing it. However, this aspect of the language is not as complex as in other tonal languages such as Chinese or Thai. Additionally, Hausa has a relatively small number of sounds, which makes it easier for speakers of other languages to pronounce correctly.

Why Hausa is Considered a relatively easy language to learn

Another reason Hausa is regarded as an easy language to learn is that it employs a consistent and regular spelling system, which means that words are written exactly as they are pronounced. This facilitates learners’ ability to read and write in Hausa.

Additionally, since Hausa is widely spoken in Nigeria and other West African countries, learners will be able to find many resources to help them learn the language, including online courses, apps, and language schools. Furthermore, Hausa has a lot of loanwords from Arabic and English which can help in understanding the vocabulary of the language.

Overall, while learning any new language can be challenging, Hausa is considered to be relatively easy to learn due to its simple grammar structure, consistent spelling system, and the availability of learning resources.

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Accelerate Your Hausa Learning: Tips and Tricks for Speeding Up Your Progress

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What did Hausa call their king?

Learning a new language can be a daunting task, but with the right approach, it is possible to learn Hausa quickly and effectively. Here are a few tips to help you get started:

Accelerate Your Hausa Learning: Tips and Tricks for Speeding Up Your Progress

  1. Immerse yourself in the language: One of the best ways to learn a new language quickly is to surround yourself with it. This can mean watching Hausa movies, listening to Hausa music, and reading Hausa books and newspapers.
  2. Use language learning apps: There are many apps available that can help you learn Hausa quickly. Some popular options include Duolingo, Babbel, and Rosetta Stone. These apps provide interactive lessons and exercises that can help you practice your listening and speaking skills.
  3. Practice speaking with native speakers: If possible, try to find someone who speaks Hausa fluently to practice speaking with. This could be a friend, a teacher, or a language exchange partner. Practicing speaking with a native speaker will help you improve your pronunciation and gain a better understanding of the language’s grammar and structure.
  4. Learn the most common phrases: Begin by learning the most common Hausa phrases and expressions. This will provide you with a solid foundation for expanding your vocabulary and comprehending the grammar.
  5. Keep it fun: Learning a new language can be a fun and rewarding experience. Try to make it as enjoyable as possible by setting goals for yourself, and rewarding yourself when you achieve them.

In conclusion, learning Hausa can be a challenging task, but with the right approach, it is possible to learn the language quickly and effectively. By immersing yourself in the language, using language learning apps, practicing with native speakers, learning the most common phrases, and keeping it fun, you can make the process of learning Hausa much more manageable.

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How to Link NIN to MTN

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How to Link NIN to MTN

To link your National Identification Number (NIN) to your MTN line, you can follow these steps:

  1. Dial *123# from your MTN line.
  2. Select the option to “Link NIN”.
  3. Enter your NIN when prompted.
  4. Confirm that the information you have provided is correct.

Alternatively, you can visit any MTN service center or authorized retailer with a valid government-issued ID and request to have your NIN linked to your MTN line. You may also be able to link your NIN to your MTN line online through the MTN website or mobile app, if available in your country.

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